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Burn Tips

Burn, scorch, singe, sear, char, parch; all these verbs mean to injure or alter by means Burnof intense heat or flames. Burn, the most general, applies to the effects of exposure to a source of heat or to something that can produce a similar effect.

The treatment of burns depends on the depth, and location of the burn. Burn depth is generally categorizedas first, second or third degree. A first degree burn is superficial and has similar characteristics to a typical sun burn. The skinis red in color and sensation is intact. In fact, it is usually somewhat painful. Second degree burns look similar to the first degree burns; however, the damage is now severe enough to cause blistering of the skin and the pain is usually somewhat more intense. In third degree burns the damage has progressed to the point of skin death. The skin is white and without sensation.

Regardless of the type of burn, the result is fluid accumulation and inflammation in and around the wound. Moreover, it should be noted that the skin is the body's first defense againstinfection by microorganisms. Damage to the skin can predispose the burn victim to both infection at the site of the wound as well as internally.

Last Updated - 29th October 2005

A first-degree burn involves only the outer layer of skin. The skin is dry, painful and sensitive to touch.

A second-degree burn involves several layers of skin. The skin becomes swollen, puffy, weepy or blistered.

A third-degree burn involves all layers of skin and may include any underlying tissue or organs. The skin is dry, pale white or charred black, swollen and sometimes breaks open. Nerves are destroyed or damaged, so there may be little pain except on the edges where they may be second-degree burns.


THIRD-DEGREE BURNS (Call a health professional and apply home treatment)
  • Increased pain, swelling, redness or tenderness.
  • Heat or red streaks extending from the area.
  • Discharge of pus.
  • Fever of 100 degrees or higher with no other cause.

Disclaimer: The Burn Tips / Information presented and opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of Tips And Treats . com and/or its partners.

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